How to Make Your Home More Energy Efficient
The house where I grew up had heavy wood-frame storm windows that my dad would dutifully remove every spring, repair as required, and reinstall in October. He’d tie a big rope around his waist in case he lost his balance and hoist the windows up a tall ladder. It was a huge job but well worth the effort since it helped to keep the drafts out, and the heat in, through our long winters.
Most houses these days are long past storm windows but there are still so many things that we can do, in newer and older homes, to stay warm without spending more than necessary. Since heating can account for up to 60% of your home energy bill (and most of your carbon footprint), doing efficiency upgrades large and small can make a big difference in heating bills. According to NB Power, one of the most cost-effective ways to keep your house cozy in winter is by air-sealing and adding insulation. (Draft-proofing your home and insulating well can reduce your heating bill by as much as 10 %.)
How to make your home more energy efficient in winter:
- Air-sealing is just plugging the leaks with caulking and weather stripping. Feel for leaks along window frames and trim, doors, exhaust vents, mail slots, basement sills and headers, your electrical service entry, floor drains, foundation cracks and electrical outlets. Check your chimney for cracks.
- Caulk baseboards top and bottom, on inside walls as well as outside walls. Replace worn weather-stripping. Put child-safety plugs in empty wall sockets.
- To improve insulation, start in the area with the least amount of insulation. Insulate your basement walls, sills and headers. Insulate your light switches and power outlets with foam gaskets designed to fit neatly behind the cover plates.
- If you have a fireplace, outfit it with an insert. This can become an eco-friendly source of heat but also make your fireplace airtight so heat doesn’t go up the chimney and cold air doesn’t come down into your home.
- Install programmable thermostats and set them at a constant heat for when you’re home. Set them lower when you’re sleeping or not home. (You’ll save 5% on your heating bill for every degree you lower your thermostat below 70.)
- Keep your heating system in top form so it’s operating as efficiently as possible. As part of the maintenance you can have the efficiency checked. Consider replacing your furnace if it’s old or no longer running efficiently. Have your furnace cleaned annually and clean the filters monthly during heating season.
If you live in an electrically heated home, you’re eligible for incentives through the Home Insulation Energy Savings Program. (Homeowners who do one major insulation upgrade through the Home Insulation Energy Savings Program will be eligible for a $500 heat pump bonus.) For do-it-yourself tips and suggestions for air-sealing and insulating your home visit to nbpower.com “Smart Habits” page.